Ovarian cancer is usually not diagnosed until the late stage, and it is resistant to platinum and other standard chemotherapy drugs, resulting in high mortality.
To investigate the effects of miR-140-5p on cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, and migration capability in the SKOV3 and OVCAR3 ovarian cancer cell lines through Wnt signaling pathway.
Expression levels of miR-140-5p were checked using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The expression of miR-140-5p was upregulated by transfecting cells with a miR-140-5p mimic or a mimic negative control (NC). Cell proliferation was assessed using a CCK8 assay, and cell cycle distribution and apoptosis percentage were detected with flow cytometry. A transwell invasion assay was employed to evaluate cell migration and invasion ability. The target complementary relationship between miR-140-5p and WNT1 was verified using a dual-luciferase reporter assay while â-catenin in the nuclei was observed using immunofluorescence. The expression of Wnt signaling pathway-related proteins was examined using western blot and qRT-PCR.
The relative expression level of miR-140-5p in SKOV3 and OVCAR3 cells was obviously decreased compared with that in the IOSE80 cells (p < 0.05). Besides, upregulated miR-140-5p effectively suppressed cell proliferation and increased the apoptosis ratio of SKOV3 and OVCAR3 cells (p < 0.05). In addition, the invasion and migration capability of SKOV3 and OVCAR3 cells in miR-140-5p mimic group was largely suppressed compared with the NC group (p < 0.05). What is more, the target complementary relationship between miR-140-5p and the WNT1 gene was revealed; upregulated miR-140-5p suppressed the expression of Wnt signaling-related genes, and restrained nuclear transfer of â-catenin (p < 0.05).
The overexpression of miR-140-5p restricted the proliferation, migration and invasion abilities, and accelerated cell apoptosis in ovarian cancer cell lines SKOV3 and OVCAR3 through the Wnt signaling pathway.