In the year 2017, the U.S. Supreme Court provided a ruling that took under consideration the importance to provide an appropriate education for students with disabilities in Endrew v. Douglas County.

The case concerned a student with autism, and it was used to offer schools and families autism-related recommendations for practice and policy. This study was done with the purpose to analyze the legal history of the educational benefit standard prior to Endrew and what has occurred in the year after the Court’s decision. Endrew may not dramatically alter education for students who are progressing alongside their peers, but it elevates expectations for those like Endrew, who are in self-contained classrooms or are not making grade-level progress.

Through the findings, this study suggests that schools must prioritize behavior management to facilitate academic and functional progress, and theorize that there may be an increase in the number of families requesting evidence-based practices, like Applied Behavior Analysis, and placement in alternative settings like specialized charter and private schools. Such practices decrease the social gap between students with learning disabilities and other students.