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The extended, transnasal, transsphenoidal approach for anterior skull base meningioma: considerations in patient selection.

The extended, transnasal, transsphenoidal approach for anterior skull base meningioma: considerations in patient selection.
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Castlen JP, Cote DJ, Zaidi HA, Laws ER,


Castlen JP, Cote DJ, Zaidi HA, Laws ER, (click to view)

Castlen JP, Cote DJ, Zaidi HA, Laws ER,

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Pituitary 2017 07 08() doi 10.1007/s11102-017-0818-6
Abstract
PURPOSE
In this study, we set out to define our institutional criteria for patient eligibility for transsphenoidal resection of parasellar meningiomas, and to report our experience with extended transnasal approaches for these lesions. We aimed to discuss the important considerations of patient selection and risk stratification to optimize outcomes for patients with these difficult lesions, and also include considerations that should be reviewed during surgical approach selection.

METHODS
Medical records from Brigham and Women’s Hospital were retrospectively reviewed for all patients who underwent transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary disease with the senior author from April 2008 to March 2017 (938 procedures). Patients undergoing surgery for anterior skull base meningioma were identified and patient data were collected.

RESULTS
Seven patients (four women, three men) underwent transsphenoidal resection (five endoscopic, one microscopic, and one hybrid endoscopic/microscopic) of pathologically-confirmed anterior skull base meningiomas during the study period. Five patients presented with visual field deficits, three presented with headache, two presented with hypopituitarism, and one woman presented with infertility. The median maximum tumor diameter was 1.7 cm (range 1.4-4.2 cm). Six patients underwent subtotal resection, and one underwent gross total resection. The median MIB-1 index was 2.3 (range 1.0-7.6). Complications included two readmissions (one on POD11 for small bowel obstruction, one on POD48 for epistaxis), and the development of new onset thyroid deficiency and transient diabetes insipidus in one patient. Two patients had reoperations by craniotomy for tumor recurrence after 5 and 6 years, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS
Although more commonly treated transcranially, anterior skull base meningiomas are sometimes amenable to resection transphenoidally. Patient selection is critical, and multiple factors, including tumor size, consistency, and location, patient and surgeon preference, and presenting symptoms each affect the optimum surgical approach. We have developed criteria for patient selection so that transsphenoidal surgery can be used to resect or debulk anterior skull base meningiomas safely and with favorable outcomes.

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