Diabetes has been shown to be associated with increased risk of postoperative complications after lower extremity bypass (LEB), although it is unclear whether medium-term glucose control affects outcomes. This study aimed to assess the association of perioperative hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level on perioperative outcomes after LEB.

We examined consecutive infrainguinal LEBs for chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) using the Vascular Quality Initiative database (2007-2018). Perioperative HbA1c levels were stratified into <5.7%, 5.7% to 6.5%, and >6.5%. Propensity score matching on demographics, medical history, and procedural characteristics was used to select comparable patients across HbA1c groups. The primary outcome was postoperative wound infection. Multivariable analyses were performed for matched and unmatched groups using Cox proportional hazards models for survival outcomes and logistic regression for binary outcomes with association expressed by adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) or adjusted odds ratio (aOR) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs).

Reference link- https://www.jvascsurg.org/article/S0741-5214(20)31292-1/fulltext