This study investigated the effects of peripheral neuropathy symptoms, self-care ability,and disturbances to daily life on quality of life (QoL) among gynecological cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.
The participants included 144 patients with gynecological cancer undergoing anticancerchemotherapy at a tertiary hospital in Seoul, South Korea, from December 1, 2021 to January 28,2022. Convenience sampling was used to recruit patients who had received 4 or more cycles of chemotherapy using a paclitaxel-platinum regimen, and a self-reported questionnaire was used to collect data. Descriptive statistics, the t-test, analysis of variance, Scheffé test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis were performed.
Most of the participants had ovarian cancer (70.1%) or endometrial cancer (14.6%), andthe most common number of treatment cycles was 6 to 10 (29.2%). The mean QoL (60.83±19.89)was greater than the midpoint. The regression model analyzing the patients’ QoL was statisticallysignificant (F=15.38, p<.001) with an explanatory power of 56.7%. Self-care ability (β=.39, p<.001),disturbances to daily life (β=-.38, p<.001), the duration of peripheral neuropathy symptoms(β=2.14, p=.034), and regular exercise (β=-2.12, p=.036) were found to significantly affect QoL.
Efforts to improve the self-care ability of gynecological cancer patients who have experienced peripheral neuropathy after receiving chemotherapy and mitigate disturbances to their dailylife can improve their QoL. Healthcare professionals should identify peripheral neuropathy symptoms and examine the effects of the symptoms on patients’ daily lives. Improving the self-care abilityof patients and alleviating their limitations in daily life may improve QoL.