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The long non-coding RNA PVT1 represses ANGPTL4 transcription through binding with EZH2 in trophoblast cell.

The long non-coding RNA PVT1 represses ANGPTL4 transcription through binding with EZH2 in trophoblast cell.
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Xu Y, Lian Y, Zhang Y, Huang S, Zuo Q, Yang N, Chen Y, Wu D, Sun L,


Xu Y, Lian Y, Zhang Y, Huang S, Zuo Q, Yang N, Chen Y, Wu D, Sun L, (click to view)

Xu Y, Lian Y, Zhang Y, Huang S, Zuo Q, Yang N, Chen Y, Wu D, Sun L,

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Journal of cellular and molecular medicine 2017 11 29() doi 10.1111/jcmm.13405
Abstract

Despite progress in diagnostics and treatment for preeclampsia, it remains the foremost cause of maternal and foetal perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Over recent years, various lines of evidence have emphasized long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) which function as an innovative regulator of biological behaviour, as exemplified by proliferation, apoptosis and metastasis. However, the role of lncRNAs has not been well described in preeclampsia. Here, we identified a lncRNA, PVT1, whose expression was down-regulated in qRT-PCR analyses in severe preeclampsia. The effects of PVT1 on development were studied after suppression and overexpression of PVT1 in HTR-8/SVneo and JEG3 cells. PVT1 knockdown notably inhibited cell proliferation and stimulated cell cycle accumulation and apoptosis. Exogenous PVT1 significantly increased cell proliferation. Based on analysis of RNAseq data, we found that PVT1 could affect the expression of numerous genes, and then investigated the function and regulatory mechanism of PVT1 in trophoblast cells. Further mechanistic analyses implied that the action of PVT1 is moderately attributable to its repression of ANGPTL4 via association with the epigenetic repressor Ezh2. Altogether, our study suggests that PVT1 could play an essential role in preeclampsia progression and probably acts as a latent therapeutic marker; thus, it might be a useful prognostic marker when evaluating new therapies for patients with preeclampsia.

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