Clinical cardiology 2017 12 15() doi 10.1002/clc.22823
In patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE), detectable levels of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) using a highly sensitive assay have been associated with increased in-hospital mortality. We sought to investigate the impact of detectable cTnI on long-term survival following acute PE.
Detectable cTnI levels in patients presenting with acute PE predict increased long-term mortality following hospital discharge.
In a retrospective cohort study, we analyzed consecutive patients with confirmed acute PE and cTnI assay available from the index hospitalization. The detectable cTnI level was ≥0.012 ng/mL. Patients were classified into low and high clinical risk groups according to the Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI) at presentation. Subjects were followed for all-cause mortality subsequent to hospital discharge using chart review and Social Security Death Index.
A cohort of 289 acute PE patients (mean age 56 years, 51% men), of whom 152 (53%) had a detectable cTnI, was followed for a mean of 3.1 ± 1.8 years after hospital discharge. A total of 71 deaths were observed; 44 (29%) and 27 (20%) in the detectable and undetectable cTnI groups, respectively (P = 0.05). Detectable cTnI was predictive of long-term survival among low-risk (P = 0.009) but not high-risk patients (P = 0.78) who had high mortality rates irrespective of cTnI status.
In patients with acute PE, detectable cTnI is predictive of long-term mortality, particularly among patients who were identified as low risk according to PESI score.