Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) Growth-Arrest Associated LncRNA 1 (GASL1) is a lncRNA with a suppressive role in glioma, prostate carcinoma and gastric carcinoma, whereas its involvement in esophageal cancer is unknown. In the present study, we used RT-qPCR to detect the expression of GASL1 in esophageal cancer cell carcinoma (ESCC) cell lines, and constructed the overexpression and interference plasmids of GASL1 and the interference plasmid of DKK1. CCK8 was used to detect the cell proliferation level, clone formation experiment was used to detect the cell clonal formation ability, flow cytometry was used to detect the cell cycle level, and wound healing and Transwell experiments were respectively used to detect the cell invasion and migration. The interference and overexpression plasmids of GASL1 were injected into mice subcutaneously for tumor-bearing experiment. The body weight, tumor growth curve, and tumor weight of mice were recorded, and western blot was used to detect the expression of proliferation-, invasion-, and migration-related proteins and the expression of Wnt3a/β-catenin signal-related proteins in tumor tissues. LncRNA GASL1 was down-regulated in ESCC cell lines, and GASL1 inhibited ESCC cell progression and regulated cell cycle arrest in ESCC cells. In vivo, GASL1 inhibited tumor growth. GASL1 decreased the protein levels of DDK1, Wnt3a, β-catenin, and c-MYC in ESCC cell lines. Interfering DKK1 activates Wnt3a/β–catenin signal to reverse the inhibitory effects of GASL1 on proliferation, cell cycle acceleration, invasion, and migration. In conclusion, lncRNA GASL1 regulates cell migration, invasion and cell cycle stagnation by inactivating the wnt/β-catenin signaling.
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