Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery 2017 05 02() doi 10.1093/icvts/ivx114
This study reviews the outcomes of children under 1 year of age who had left atrioventricular valve (LAVV) replacement (LAVVR) in one centre and explores the benefits of an innovative approach for LAVVR in very small patients.
Thirteen consecutive patients operated for LAVV replacement between 1997 and 2016 were reviewed retrospectively. Indication for surgery was regurgitation in 7, stenosis in 5 and both stenosis and regurgitation in 1. Nine patients (69%) had previous LAVV repair. Median age at surgery was 126 days (39-327 days). In the primary surgery, 7 mechanical valves and 1 mitral homograft were implanted. Five inverted semilunar valve conduits were implanted consisting of a Contegra valve in 4 and a pulmonary homograft in 1.
Hospital mortality was 31% (4 of 13). Two patients required postoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Six patients developed complete atrioventricular block, with 2 survivors requiring a pacemaker. Late mortality was 31% (4 of 13). Two of the 4 patients who received an inverted Contegra conduit died. Median follow-up of the 5 survivors was 4 years (2-16 years). Four patients had 10 further replacements consisting of 6 redo conventional mechanical valves replacement, 3 supra-annular valve implantation, and 1 modified Ross II. The 5 inverted semilunar valve conduits implanted lasted for 1, 5, 6, 22 and 37 months.
LAVVR below 1 year of age is associated with a considerable operative and late mortality. LAVVR with an inverted conduit bearing semilunar valves may be an alternative strategy for patients with the smallest annuli.