Osteogenesis Imperfecta affects approximately 1 in every 10,000 people. Musculoskeletal disorders and pain are common in adults with Osteogenesis Imperfecta, but specific knowledge of the problems people have is lacking. Access to therapy services for adults with Osteogenesis Imperfecta is variable. We designed this analysis to better understand the musculoskeletal disorders and consequent therapy needs for adults with Osteogenesis Imperfecta.  METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional analysis of outpatients with Osteogenesis Imperfecta. Adults attending a newly established multidisciplinary clinic at a tertiary centre in 2019 were included. A highly specialist physiotherapist worked within the clinic to offer therapy input if required and to refer patients to appropriate therapy as needed. People over the age of 18 were included if they had a diagnosis of Osteogenesis Imperfecta. Data were collected over a five month period using routinely collected clinical information and patient reported outcomes.
Over five months 50 patients attended the clinic. Musculoskeletal pain was a significant feature reported by 84% of patients. Over 50% of patients reported persistent pain for longer than one year duration and the most common site of pain was in the spine (46%). No difference in pain between types of OI and age. Forty five per cent (n = 19) of patients reported moderate to severe problems with mobility on the EQ-5D with over half reporting problems with self-care and ability to carry out usual activities. Over 50% of patients in clinic also reported anxiety (EQ-5D). During the consultation 70% of patients received therapy input which was either advice in clinic or an onward referral to the appropriate service. The referral rate to specialist out-patient rehabilitation services at a tertiary centre was 30%.
This analysis highlights the high prevalence of MSK pain in adults with OI and the effect on physical function and emotional wellbeing. This study demonstrates the diverse needs of the adult Osteogenesis Imperfecta population and the need for suitable multidisciplinary therapy services.

© 2022. The Author(s).