To investigate the risk of further surgery at the anastomosis following right hemicolectomy for CD.
Hospital Episode Statistics were used to identify patients with CD and a right hemicolectomy between 2007 and 2016. Adherence to post-resection colonoscopy guidance timing and risk of further surgery at the anastomosis were examined. Cox proportional hazards models assessed risk factors for further surgery.
12 230 patients were identified: 45% male; median age 36 (IQR 26-49) years. Median follow-up was 5.9 (IQR 3.6-8.6) years: totalling 74 960 person-years. Median time to further surgery was 2.9 (IQR 1.2-5.3) years. By 5 years 9% and by 10 years 16.9% of those with sufficient follow-up had at least one further surgery involving the anastomotic site. Older, less deprived patients and those whose index surgery took place on an elective admission had a reduced risk of further surgery. The annual number of right hemicolectomies increased over the study from 1063 to 1317, driven by the increasing prevalence of CD. Overall, 78% of patients did not have a colonoscopy, as recommended, within 6-12 months following index resection.
Further surgery involving the anastomotic site remains common following index right hemicolectomy for CD. Post-surgical colonoscopy was only undertaken in 22% of patients within suggested timeframes. Increased colonoscopy may lead to a reduced need for surgery if early optimisation of medical therapy is undertaken for recurrence.
© 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.