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The Risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Transmission from Pediatric Index Cases to School Pupils.

The Risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Transmission from Pediatric Index Cases to School Pupils.
Author Information (click to view)

Piccini P, Venturini E, Bianchi L, Baretti S, Filidei P, Paliaga L, Mazzoli F, Chiappini E, de Martino M, Galli L,


Piccini P, Venturini E, Bianchi L, Baretti S, Filidei P, Paliaga L, Mazzoli F, Chiappini E, de Martino M, Galli L, (click to view)

Piccini P, Venturini E, Bianchi L, Baretti S, Filidei P, Paliaga L, Mazzoli F, Chiappini E, de Martino M, Galli L,

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The Pediatric infectious disease journal 36(5) 525-528 doi 10.1097/INF.0000000000001492
Abstract

This study is the largest report on Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission rate (TR) from children with pulmonary tuberculosis to school pupils. Higher TR (around 21.6%) was observed in contacts of smear-positive children. TR from pediatric smear-negative index cases was around 0. If our data are confirmed, school contacts of a smear-negative index case could be screened only by clinical evaluation and tuberculin skin test, avoiding the routine use of chest radiographs in children less than 5 years of age as well.

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