Early detection of atrial fibrillation (AF) is a priority to reduce embolic events by initiating oral anticoagulation therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic ability of a wrist device designed for automatic AF detection.
RITHMI is a prospective, comparative, observational study that included 167 patients referred to a cardiology outpatient clinic for a general consultation or for electrical cardioversion. The study evaluated the ability of a wrist monitor that uses a photoplethysmography (PPG) signal and an electrocardiographic lead to automatically detect AF compared with diagnosis established by 2 cardiologists using the 12-lead electrocardiogram.
The AF detection algorithm based on the PPG signal had a sensitivity of 91% and a specificity of 96% (diagnostic accuracy: 93%). The automatic algorithm based on the electrocardiographic signal had a sensitivity of 94% and a specificity of 96% (diagnostic accuracy: 95%). The 2 algorithms concurred in the diagnosis in 96% of the cases. Overall, the monitor had a sensitivity and specificity of 95% (diagnostic accuracy: 95% and Kappa index: 0.98).
This study shows that automatic AF detection through the use of a heart rhythm monitor incorporating sensors and algorithms that analyze the PPG signal and the electrocardiographic signal corresponding to lead I is feasible and has high diagnostic accuracy.
Copyright © 2020 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.