Although animal studies claim that osteoprotegerin (OPG) is preventive on this system, there are conflicting results in human studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of OPG in the diagnosis and determination of cardivovascular risk in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which is a multisystem effective disease. The study was performed on 28 premenopausal healthy female volunteers and 57 newly diagnosed PCOS patients in 2017. Anamnesis was obtained, body mass indexes were calculated, laboratory tests required for diagnosis and differential diagnosis of PCOS and suprapubic ovarian ultrasonography were performed, serum OPG level was studied by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. OPG levels were similar in PCOS and control groups and there was no significant difference (49.392 ± 10.973 pg/ml vs 49.567 ± 13.57 pg/ml,  = .815). Correlation analysis showed a positive correlation between OPG and total testosterone levels in the PCOS group ( = 0.277,  = .045). No significant relationship with cardiovascular and metabolic parameters was detected. No difference was found between PCOS patients and control groups in terms of OPG levels. Therefore, it is thought that OPG level cannot be used in the diagnosis of the disease. There was no significant relationship between cardiometabolic parameters.