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The role of Thyroid Transcription Factor-1 and Tumor differentiation in Resected Lung Adenocarcinoma.

The role of Thyroid Transcription Factor-1 and Tumor differentiation in Resected Lung Adenocarcinoma.
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Huang TW, Lin KF, Lee CH, Chang H, Lee SC, Shieh YS,


Huang TW, Lin KF, Lee CH, Chang H, Lee SC, Shieh YS, (click to view)

Huang TW, Lin KF, Lee CH, Chang H, Lee SC, Shieh YS,

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Scientific reports 2017 10 277(1) 14222 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-14651-y

Abstract

To investigate the role of thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) and tumor differentiation in resected lung adenocarcinoma. A total of 520 patients with clinical early stage lung adenocarcinoma who underwent surgical resection were reviewed retrospectively. Clinical data and outcomes were evaluated with an average follow-up of 117 months. The results were validated via lung cancer cell line studies. The clinical parameters did not differ between relapse and nonrelapse patients. Exceptions were tumor differentiation, lymphovascular space invasion, F(18)-fluorodeoxyglucose maximum standard uptake value, tumor size, and pathological stage (p < 0.001). Poor tumor differentiation was the independent prognostic factor (odds ratio: 2.937, p = 0.026). The expression of TTF-1 was correlated with tumor differentiation in resected lung adenocarcinoma patients (p < 0.001). Five-year survival was 60.0% for score 1 TTF-1 expression patients, 80.1% for score 2 TTF-1 expression patients, and 86.1% for score 3 TTF-1 expression group patients. The lung cancer cell line study of knockdown and overexpression of TTF-1 revealed TTF-1 mediated High Mobility Group AT-Hook 2 (HMGA2) protein involved with epithelium-mesenchymal transformation. The chromatin immunoprecipitation revealed TTF-1 regulated HMGA2 via direct binding. TTF-1/HMGA2 axis was associated with tumor differentiation and mediated the aggressiveness of the tumor and prognosis.

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