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The role of transcriptional factor p63 in regulation of epithelial barrier and ciliogenesis of human nasal epithelial cells.

The role of transcriptional factor p63 in regulation of epithelial barrier and ciliogenesis of human nasal epithelial cells.
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Kaneko Y, Kohno T, Kakuki T, Takano KI, Ogasawara N, Miyata R, Kikuchi S, Konno T, Ohkuni T, Yajima R, Kakiuchi A, Yokota SI, Himi T, Kojima T,


Kaneko Y, Kohno T, Kakuki T, Takano KI, Ogasawara N, Miyata R, Kikuchi S, Konno T, Ohkuni T, Yajima R, Kakiuchi A, Yokota SI, Himi T, Kojima T, (click to view)

Kaneko Y, Kohno T, Kakuki T, Takano KI, Ogasawara N, Miyata R, Kikuchi S, Konno T, Ohkuni T, Yajima R, Kakiuchi A, Yokota SI, Himi T, Kojima T,

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Scientific reports 2017 09 077(1) 10935 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-11481-w
Abstract

Disruption of nasal epithelial tight junctions (TJs) and ciliary dysfunction are found in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and nasal polyps (NPs), along with an increase of p63-positive basal cells and histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity. To investigate these mechanisms, primary cultures of HNECs transfected with human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT-HNECs) were transfected with siRNAs of TAp63 and ΔNp63, treated with the NF-kB inhibitor curucumin and inhibitors of HDACs, and infected with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). In TERT-HNECs, knockdown of p63 by siRNAs of TAp63 and ΔNp63, induced claudin-1 and -4 with Sp1 activity and enhanced barrier and fence functions. The knockdown of p63 enhanced the number of microvilli with the presence of cilia-like structures. Treatment with curcumin and inhibitors of HDACs, or infection with RSV prevented expression of p63 with an increase of claudin-4 and the number of microvilli. The knockdown or downregulation of p63 inhibited phospho-p38MAPK, and the p38MAPK inhibitor downregulated p63 and upregulated the barrier function. Thus, epithelial barrier and ciliogenesis of nasal epithelium are regulated in a p63-negative manner in normal and upper airway diseases. Understanding of the regulation of p63/p38 MAPK/NF-κB may be important in the therapy for airway allergy and its drug delivery system.

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