To analyze the epidemiological profile of patients treated at the Fertility Outpatient Clinic of a tertiary public hospital in Juiz de Fora.
This cross-sectional study analyzed the medical records of 448 patients who sought fertility treatment at a tertiary public hospital. The data collected from the medical records were used to assess the main causes of infertility, find the most frequently performed procedures, and the cases eligible to therapeutic or prophylactic intervention.
Of the 448 patients included in the study, 385 (86%) sought fertility consultation, 49 (10%) came in for repeated miscarriages, and 14 (3%) for other reasons. Of the 438 infertile patients, 280 (63.9%) had primary and 158 (36.1%) had secondary infertility. The top-three conditions of the 295 patients with established diagnoses were chronic anovulation (n=98; 33%); tubal factor infertility (n=86; 29%); and male factor infertility (n=59; 20%).
Improving care in reproductive health requires a more profound comprehension of the epidemiological profile of patients seeking treatment. There are alternative cost-effective means to contain the development of infertility. Additional expenditure in public healthcare is needed to accommodate the growing number of individuals seeking fertility treatment in Brazil.