To introduce the University of California Irvine (UCI) EyeMobile for Children preschool vision screening program and describe the ophthalmic examination results of children who failed screening with the PlusoptiX S12C photoscreener during one school year.
Children aged 30-72 months were screened with the PlusoptiX using ROC mode 3 during the 2019-2020 school year. Children who failed screening were referred for comprehensive eye examination on the EyeMobile mobile clinic. Presence of amblyopia risk factors (ARFs), amblyopia, and refractive error was determined via retrospective review of records. Amblyopia was defined as unilateral if there was ≥ 2-line interocular difference in the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and as bilateral if BCVA was < 20/50 for children < 4 years old and < 20/40 for children ≥ 4 years old. ARFs were defined using 2021 American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (AAPOS) instrument-based screening guidelines.
5226 children were screened during the study period. Of the 546 children who failed screening, 350 (64%) obtained consent and were examined. Mean age of examined children was 4.45 years. Amblyopia was found in 8% of examined children, with unilateral amblyopia seen in 79% of amblyopic subjects. Glasses were prescribed to 246 (70.3%) children. Of the 240 children who received cycloplegic examinations, 43% had hyperopia and 30% had myopia. The positive predictive value (PPV) of the PlusoptiX screening for ARFs in children who received cycloplegic examinations was 70.4%.
A significant proportion of Orange County preschoolers with refractive errors and amblyopia have unmet refractive correction needs. The PlusoptiX S12C photoscreener is an adequate screening device for the UCI EyeMobile for Children program, although modification of device referral criteria may lead to increased PPV. Further research is necessary to understand and overcome the barriers to childhood vision care in our community.

© 2022 Hunter et al.