Nociplastic pain, the third category of chronic pain, has emerged as a serious medical issue. Due to its significant negative influences on patients and society, high prevalence, and lack of sufficiently effective treatments, more efficacious therapies are required. This review highlights the potential therapeutic approaches identified in studies that used reserpine-induced myalgia (RIM) animal model that exhibits nociplastic pain-associated phenotypes. These studies have revealed that biological processes including the chronic reduction of monoamines, increase of oxidative/nitrosative stresses and inflammatory mediators, upregulation of pronociceptive neurotransmitters and their receptors, increase of trophic factors, enhancement of the apoptotic pathway, sensory nerve sensitization, and activation of immune cells in central and/or peripheral regions, underly the nociplastic pain-associated phenotypes in RIM animal model. Potential therapeutic approaches to nociplastic pain, i.e., 1) functional modification of specific molecules which expression is distinctly altered following monoamine reduction, 2) targeting the molecules which are responsible for other major categories of chronic pain (i.e., chronic inflammatory pain and neuropathic pain), 3) supplementation of nutrition to correct the disrupted nutritional balance, 4) improvement of physical constitution by natural substances, and 5) nonpharmacological interventions, have been identified. Studies in RIM animal model have revealed the pathologies that occur after the chronic reduction of monoamines and identified potential therapeutic approaches to nociplastic pain. Translation of their analgesic efficacy from RIM animal model to patients remains an issue to be addressed. Successful translation would lead to better therapies for nociplastic pain.
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