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Therapeutic effects of sphingosine kinase inhibitor N,N-dimethylsphingosine (DMS) in experimental chronic Chagas disease cardiomyopathy.

Therapeutic effects of sphingosine kinase inhibitor N,N-dimethylsphingosine (DMS) in experimental chronic Chagas disease cardiomyopathy.
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Vasconcelos JF, Meira CS, Silva DN, Nonaka CKV, Daltro PS, Macambira SG, Domizi PD, Borges VM, Ribeiro-Dos-Santos R, de Freitas Souza BS, Soares MBP,


Vasconcelos JF, Meira CS, Silva DN, Nonaka CKV, Daltro PS, Macambira SG, Domizi PD, Borges VM, Ribeiro-Dos-Santos R, de Freitas Souza BS, Soares MBP, (click to view)

Vasconcelos JF, Meira CS, Silva DN, Nonaka CKV, Daltro PS, Macambira SG, Domizi PD, Borges VM, Ribeiro-Dos-Santos R, de Freitas Souza BS, Soares MBP,

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Scientific reports 2017 07 217(1) 6171 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-06275-z
Abstract

Chagas disease cardiomyopathy is a parasite-driven inflammatory disease to which there are no effective treatments. Here we evaluated the therapeutic potential of N,N-dimethylsphingosine(DMS), which blocks the production of sphingosine-1-phosphate(S1P), a mediator of cellular events during inflammatory responses, in a model of chronic Chagas disease cardiomyopathy. DMS-treated, Trypanosoma cruzi-infected mice had a marked reduction of cardiac inflammation, fibrosis and galectin-3 expression when compared to controls. Serum concentrations of galectin-3, IFNγ and TNFα, as well as cardiac gene expression of inflammatory mediators were reduced after DMS treatment. The gene expression of M1 marker, iNOS, was decreased, while the M2 marker, arginase1, was increased. DMS-treated mice showed an improvement in exercise capacity. Moreover, DMS caused a reduction in parasite load in vivo. DMS inhibited the activation of lymphocytes, and reduced cytokines and NO production in activated macrophage cultures in vitro, while increasing IL-1β production. Analysis by qRT-PCR array showed that DMS treatment modulated inflammasome activation induced by T. cruzi on macrophages. Altogether, our results demonstrate that DMS, through anti-parasitic and immunomodulatory actions, can be beneficial in the treatment of chronic phase of T. cruzi infection and suggest that S1P-activated processes as possible therapeutic targets for the treatment of Chagas disease cardiomyopathy.

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