There is limited information on therapeutic benefits and tube-related complications of pediatric nasoenteric (NE) tube feeding. We viewed, from different clinical aspects, NE tube feeding in children who are under intolerable conditions. A 10-years retrospective study enrolled 77 pediatric patients who underwent an endoscopic-guided placement of the NE tube for enteral nutrition. The evaluated data, including growth parameters, feeding volume, parenteral nutrition (PN) dependence, and nutritional markers [serum hemoglobin (Hb) and albumin] before and after NE tube feeding were compared. Tube-related complications and major adverse events were also recorded. A total of 77 patients (including 50 males) underwent 176 endoscopic-guided placements of the NE tube with an average duration of 133.7 (6.0-1,847.3) days. The gastroesophageal reflux disease-related symptoms (vomiting, desaturations, and aspiration pneumonia) improved in 71.4% of patients. Feeding volume increased significantly after intervention, especially in patients with delayed gastric emptying, from 144.8 ± 28.5 to 1,103.1 ± 524.7 ml/days ( < 0.001). Weaning from PN was successfully achieved in 84.3% of patients with an average of 9.33 ± 7.30 days. About 16 patients (20.8%) were subsequently highly compatible with oral feeding after NE tube placement for an average of 24.7 ± 14.1 days. Patients either without neurologic dysfunction or with no ventilator-dependent status had a higher chance of shifting to oral feeding. Weight-for-age -scores increased by 0.15 ± 1.33 after NE tube intervention. One NE tube-related adverse event, which caused bowel perforation at 6 days post-insertion, was recorded. No direct tube-related mortality was observed. Endoscopic-guided NE tube placement is a relatively safe, non-invasive procedure for pediatric patients who require enteral nutrition. Feeding NE tube showed beneficial effects such as improvement in symptoms, PN weaning, and maintenance of body growth without major tube-related complications.
Copyright © 2021 Chen, Chao, Yeh, Lai and Chen.