Isolated internal iliac artery aneurysms (IIIAAs) are rare, life-threatening entities for which the optimal treatment strategy has not been established. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of open and endovascular treatment of IIIAAs.

IIIAA cases between January 2009 and March 2019 at two hospitals were retrospectively reviewed. Demographic, clinical, ancillary testing, treatment, and outcome data were collected and analyzed.

Forty-two patients (37 men and 5 women) with a mean age of 71 years were included. Twenty-five patients (60%) had a history of hypertension. Twenty-two patients (52%) were asymptomatic, and 16 (38%) presented with abdominal pain (12 with ruptured aneurysms). The 42 included patients had 43 treated IIIAAs. The following surgical techniques were used: surgical resection (n = 6), endovascular coil embolization (n = 12), endovascular stent graft placement across the internal iliac artery origin (n = 8 with 9 aneurysms), and combined coil embolization and stent graft placement (n = 16). The immediate technical success rate was 67%, 67%, and 88% for embolization, stent graft placement, and combined method, respectively. Endovascular coil embolization with stent graft placement is a feasible, safe, and effective treatment approach for large IIIAAs without adequate aneurysm necks.

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