This study was done to evaluate the visual outcomes of laser vision correction in adults with myopic and hyperopic amblyopia.

This study included 323 eyes of 164 patients. All patients underwent laser in situ keratomileusis (90.1%, 291 eyes) or photorefractive keratectomy (9.9%, 32 eyes). Three months postoperatively, the manifest spherical equivalent was −0.07 ± 0.55 diopters (D) (range: −1.75 to +1.30 D) and −0.10 ± 0.54 D (range: −2.13 to +1.30 D) in the amblyopia group and fellow eye group, respectively. The percentage of eyes achieving UDVA of 20/20 or better was 16.9% (15 eyes) in the amblyopia group and 61.9% (52 eyes) in the fellow eye group. The percentage of eyes that gained two or more lines of CDVA was 27.9% (24 eyes) in the amblyopia group and 6.2% (5 eyes) in the fellow eye group (P < .01). In the amblyopia group, there was no statistically significant difference in the mean manifest spherical equivalent between the myopic eyes and hyper-opic eyes at any follow-up visit (P = .87, 1 month postoperatively; P = .68, 3 months postoperatively).

The study concluded that the laser vision correction is safe in adult patients with amblyopia.

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