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Thyroid Dysfunction, Neurological Disorder and Immunosuppression as the Consequences of Long-term Combined Stress.

Thyroid Dysfunction, Neurological Disorder and Immunosuppression as the Consequences of Long-term Combined Stress.
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Zhang J, Huang J, Aximujiang K, Xu C, Ahemaiti A, Wu G, Zhong L, Yunusi K,


Zhang J, Huang J, Aximujiang K, Xu C, Ahemaiti A, Wu G, Zhong L, Yunusi K, (click to view)

Zhang J, Huang J, Aximujiang K, Xu C, Ahemaiti A, Wu G, Zhong L, Yunusi K,

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Scientific reports 2018 03 148(1) 4552 doi 10.1038/s41598-018-19564-y
Abstract

Stress is a powerful modulator of neuroendocrine, behavioral, and immunological functions. So far, the molecular mechanisms of response to stressors still remain elusive. In the current study, after 10 days of repeated chronic stress (hot-dry environment and electric foot-shock), a murine model of combined-stress (CS) was created in the SPF Wistar rats. Meanwhile, we established an ulcerative-colitis (UC) rat model induced by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)/ethanol enema according to previous studies. The blood, hypothalamus, and colon tissues of these rats from CS, normal control (NC), UC and sham (SH) groups, were collected for further investigations. Comparing to the NC group, the serum levels of T3, T4, fT3 and fT4 were obviously decreased in the CS group after chronic stress, indicating that thyroid dysfunction was induced by long-term combined stress. Moreover, the application of RNA-seq and subsequent analyses revealed that neurological disorder and immunosuppression were also caused in the hypothalamus and colon tissues, respectively. Comparing with SH group, besides the induced colon inflammation, thyroid dysfuntion and neurological disorder were also produced in the UC group, suggesting that hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis and gastrointestinal system might not function in isolation, but rather, have intricate crosstalks.

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