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Thyroid stimulating hormone stimulates the expression of glucose transporter 2 via its receptor in pancreatic β cell line, INS-1 cells.

Thyroid stimulating hormone stimulates the expression of glucose transporter 2 via its receptor in pancreatic β cell line, INS-1 cells.
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Lyu J, Imachi H, Yoshimoto T, Fukunaga K, Sato S, Ibata T, Kobayashi T, Dong T, Yonezaki K, Yamaji N, Kikuchi F, Iwama H, Ishikawa R, Haba R, Sugiyama Y, Zhang H, Murao K,


Lyu J, Imachi H, Yoshimoto T, Fukunaga K, Sato S, Ibata T, Kobayashi T, Dong T, Yonezaki K, Yamaji N, Kikuchi F, Iwama H, Ishikawa R, Haba R, Sugiyama Y, Zhang H, Murao K, (click to view)

Lyu J, Imachi H, Yoshimoto T, Fukunaga K, Sato S, Ibata T, Kobayashi T, Dong T, Yonezaki K, Yamaji N, Kikuchi F, Iwama H, Ishikawa R, Haba R, Sugiyama Y, Zhang H, Murao K,

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Scientific reports 2018 01 318(1) 1986 doi 10.1038/s41598-018-20449-3
Abstract

Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) stimulates the secretion of thyroid hormones by binding the TSH receptor (TSHR). TSHR is well-known to be expressed in thyroid tissue, excepting it, TSHR has also been expressed in many other tissues. In this study, we have examined the expression of TSHR in rat pancreatic islets and evaluated the role of TSH in regulating pancreas-specific gene expression. TSHR was confirmed to be expressed in rodent pancreatic islets and its cell line, INS-1 cells. TSH directly affected the glucose uptake in INS cells by up-regulating the expression of GLUT2, and furthermore this process was blocked by SB203580, the specific inhibitor of the p38 MAPK signaling pathway. Similarly, TSH stimulated GLUT2 promoter activity, while both a dominant-negative p38MAPK α isoform (p38MAPK α-DN) and the specific inhibitor for p38MAPK α abolished the stimulatory effect of TSH on GLUT2 promoter activity. Finally, INS-1 cells treated with TSH showed increased protein level of glucokinase and enhanced glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Together, these results confirm that TSHR is expressed in INS-1 cells and rat pancreatic islets, and suggest that activation of the p38MAPK α might be required for TSH-induced GLUT2 gene transcription in pancreatic β cells.

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