Although randomized studies have revealed the long-term outcomes of the endovascular repair (ER) of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) compared to open repair (OR), there is controversy surrounding chronic renal decline (CRD) after ER. This study reviewed our propensity-matched cohorts of ER and OR to compare CRD rates using a time-to-event analysis. The ER groups undergoing suprarenal (SR) or infrarenal (IR) proximal fixation were also compared with the OR group.
This retrospective review of infrarenal AAA repair was conducted from June 2007-December 2017. Patients with ≥1 year of follow-up were included. Cases of supra/pararenal AAAs, infectious AAAs, rupture, or severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) (estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) 20% or de novo hemodialysis during follow-up. Patients treated with ER (ER group) and OR (OR group) were propensity-score matched for age, sex, comorbidities, ejection fraction, respiratory function, and baseline eGFR. Kaplan-Meier analysis compared the freedom from CRD rates of the matched cohorts (mER and mOR groups). Patients treated with SR and IR fixation devices (SR and IR groups) were also separately matched to the OR group, followed by analysis.
In total, 1087 patients underwent elective AAA repair. Among them, 944 (512 ER and 432 OR) were enrolled. The ER group was older than the OR group (median age 79 vs 71; P<0.001). The ER group had significantly lower baseline eGFR and more comorbidities than the OR group. Among 187 propensity-score matched pairs (187 mER and 187 mOS patients), background characteristics, including age and baseline eGFR, were comparable, but median renal function follow-up was significantly longer in the mER group than in the mOR group (48 vs 26 months; P4 years, CRD was more common in the mER group. The matched analyses between the OR group and specific fixation groups, comprising 102 OR-SR and 73 OR-IR pairs, demonstrated no significant differences in CRD.
Compared to OR, there was no significant impact of ER on CRD at up to 4 years, supporting the safety of ER in terms of the mid-term renal outcome of our present clinical practice.

Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc.