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Tissue and serum microRNA profile of oral squamous cell carcinoma patients.

Tissue and serum microRNA profile of oral squamous cell carcinoma patients.
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Schneider A, Victoria B, Lopez YN, Suchorska W, Barczak W, Sobecka A, Golusinski W, Masternak MM, Golusinski P,


Schneider A, Victoria B, Lopez YN, Suchorska W, Barczak W, Sobecka A, Golusinski W, Masternak MM, Golusinski P, (click to view)

Schneider A, Victoria B, Lopez YN, Suchorska W, Barczak W, Sobecka A, Golusinski W, Masternak MM, Golusinski P,

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Scientific reports 2018 01 128(1) 675 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-18945-z
Abstract

Head and neck cancer is characterized by malignant tumors arising from the epithelium covering the upper aerodigestive tract, and the majority of these epithelial malignancies are squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) of the oral cavity (OSCCs). The aim of the current work was to identify miRNAs regulated in OSCC cancerous tissue when compared to a healthy adjacent tissue and to verify the presence of the same miRNAs in the circulation of these patients. For that serum samples and biopsies of healthy and tumor tissues were collected from five patients diagnosed with OSCC of the oral cavity, RNA was extracted from these samples and microRNAs libraries were prepared and sequenced. A total 255 miRNAs were identified in tissue and 381 different miRNAs were identified in serum samples. When comparing the miRNA expression between tumor and healthy tissue we identified 48 miRNAs (25 down- and 23 up-regulated) that were differentially expressed (FDR < 0.05). From these 48 differentially expressed miRNAs in tissue, 30 miRNAs were also found in the serum of the same patients. hsa-miR-32-5p was up-regulated in tumor compared to healthy tissue in our study, and was previously shown to be up-regulated in the serum of OSCC patients. Therefore, this suggests that miRNAs can be used as potential non-invasive biomarkers of OSCC.

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