Although it’s widely known that targeted therapy against angiogenesis and immunotherapy agents showed survival benefit over chemoradiotherapy in advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma, some patients still cannot receive a satisfied prognosis. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the efficacy and safety of anti-angiogenic agents combined with immune checkpoint inhibitors. We conducted a search for randomized controlled trials in Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane, and major conference. Enrolled eligible studies and extracted data were completed by two investigators to compare OS, PFS, and ORR both in PD-L1 and ITT subset. Then, we calculated the pooled RR and 95% CI of all-grade and high-grade adverse effects to study its safety. Besides, we assessed the heterogeneity through subgroup and sensitivity analysis. A total of three RCTs covering 2662 patients were enrolled. In PFS analysis, the estimated HR for ITT subset was 0.74 with 95% CI of 0.65 to 0.84 and for PD-L1 subset was 0.65 with 95% CI of 0.56 to 0.76. And in OS analysis, the result was 0.74 with 95% CI of 0.53 to 1.03 in ITT subset and 0.74 with 95% CI of 0.56 to 0.96 in PD-L1 subset. As for ORR analysis, combination therapy showed advantage rather than monotherapy in ITT subset (RR 1.54; 95% CI 1.11 to 2.14), but conversely in PD-L1 positive subset (RR 1.64; 95% CI 0.94 to 2.84). Additionally, combination therapy failed to show obvious safety in most immune-related adverse events, whatever in all-grade or high grade.
- Business of Medicine
- Doctor’s Voice