Despite its significant morbidity and mortality, very little is known about how those with lived experience of bipolar II disorder (BD-II) manage their condition. This study sought to understand unmet needs in currently available psychosocial treatments, explore self-management strategies (SMS) that individuals with BD-II currently use, and determine the potential role of digital mental health interventions in this space.
Individuals (aged 18-65) confirming they had received a diagnosis of BD-II from a mental health professional were invited to complete an online survey about treatments trialled, coping strategies used to manage their condition and perspectives on the role of digital mental interventions.
Ninety individuals commencing the survey confirmed a diagnosis of BD-II; of these, n = 35 were screened out based on self-reported hospitalisation for mania and/or experiencing a manic episode. A final sample of n = 55 was subsequently analysed. From the perspective of those with BD-II, current psychosocial treatments fall short in terms of meeting their specific needs. Tailored psychosocial interventions delivered by clinicians with BD-II expertise are sought after, however accessibility and cost are ongoing barriers. Participants were open to digital self-management interventions however uptake was limited. In terms of self-management, actively seeking external help was perceived as most helpful for stopping progression in depression, while self-care strategies were prioritised for hypomania.
The study had several limitations: (1) BD-II diagnoses were not formally verified via standardised diagnostic interview, (2) Borderline personality disorder and comorbid substance abuse disorders were not assessed; (3) the influence of current mood state on participant responses was not assessed, (4) females were over-represented, limiting generalisation of  findings to males with BD-II.
Study findings highlight the need for tailored interventions paying specific attention to nuanced features of BD-II, and the potential role of digital mental health interventions for this underserved group.

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