Over the past decade, the usages of carbon nanotubes in various industries have been increased. Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) are special form of carbon nanotubes which are used as nano-absorbents for various purposes of different industries due to their high surface to volume ratio. In aquatic environments these active nano-agents can easily absorb and accumulate in animal cells and tissues due to their tiny sizes and induce toxicity effects on bio-organisms mainly via pro-oxidants production. The present study assayed MWCNTs toxicity effects on anti-oxidative enzymes activities, serum hormonal and biochemical stress biomarkers, hematology parameters, histopathology and growth performance of the common carp Cyprinus carpio. Experiment was conducted in five treatments including 0 (control), 5, 10, 15, 20 mg/l MWCNTs in triplicate and each of the experimental tanks consisted of a 400-l recirculating system, stocked with, 20 fish (12 ± 2 g) for 28 days. The results indicated that by increasing the concentrations of the MWCNTs weight gain, specific growth rate and survival rate parameters were decreased. The findings showed that cortisol secretion, blood glucose level and anti-oxidative enzymes activities were increased with the increase of MWCNTs concentrations in the treatments. Histopathology results depicted that 15 and 20 mg/l MWCNTs caused hyperplasia, telangiectasia, apoptosis, and necrosis damages in gills and also, apoptosis, sinusoidal spaces, fibrosis, hepatocyte degeneration and necrosis in the liver of C. carpio. Despite these findings, further researches on effects of nanomaterials on aquatic organisms and ecosystems are essential to protect these environments against the newly found nanomaterials hazards.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.