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Tracing GFP-labeled WJMSCs in vivo using a chronic salpingitis model: an animal experiment.

Tracing GFP-labeled WJMSCs in vivo using a chronic salpingitis model: an animal experiment.
Author Information (click to view)

Li Z, Zhang Z, Ming WK, Chen X, Xiao XM,


Li Z, Zhang Z, Ming WK, Chen X, Xiao XM, (click to view)

Li Z, Zhang Z, Ming WK, Chen X, Xiao XM,

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Stem cell research & therapy 2017 12 018(1) 272 doi 10.1186/s13287-017-0714-z
Abstract
BACKGROUND
The present study was conducted to evaluate the distribution of Wharton’s jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells (WJMSCs) and their repairing function on the oviduct.

METHODS
WJMSCs were transfected with the LV3-GFP-PURO lentivirus. Female New Zealand rabbits (n = 24) were divided randomly into control A and B groups and experimental C and D groups to establish inflammation models. Sterile saline solution or WJMSCs were injected into rabbits via ear veins and/or genital tract perfusion once weekly for 3 weeks. All rabbits were humanely sacrificed 1 week after the last perfusion to collect the oviduct, uterus, liver, and bladder for examination. Green fluorescent protein (GFP) and cytokeratin 7 (CK7) were imaged using a Leica Qwin Plus V3 fluorescence confocal microscope and analyzed as mean optical densities in an Image-Pro Plus analysis system.

RESULTS
We found that lentivirus expressing the GFP gene produced an efficient transfection. The mean optical density values of GFP and CK7 in the oviducts were higher in the experimental D group than those in the control A and experimental C groups. No GFP fluorescence deposits occurred in the bladder of the control A group or experimental C group. Colocalization of CK7 and WJMSCs was observed in the oviducts in all groups.

CONCLUSIONS
WJMSCs exhibited homing characteristics and migrated to the injured oviduct to promote epithelial cell growth. Additionally, local treatment resulted in higher efficiency.

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