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Traditional risk factors of acute coronary syndrome in four different male populations – total cholesterol value does not seem to be relevant risk factor.

Traditional risk factors of acute coronary syndrome in four different male populations – total cholesterol value does not seem to be relevant risk factor.
Author Information (click to view)

Hubacek JA, Stanek V, Gebauerova M, Adamkova V, Lesauskaite V, Zaliaduonyte-Peksiene D, Tamosiunas A, Supiyev A, Kossumov A, Zhumadilova A, Pitha J,


Hubacek JA, Stanek V, Gebauerova M, Adamkova V, Lesauskaite V, Zaliaduonyte-Peksiene D, Tamosiunas A, Supiyev A, Kossumov A, Zhumadilova A, Pitha J, (click to view)

Hubacek JA, Stanek V, Gebauerova M, Adamkova V, Lesauskaite V, Zaliaduonyte-Peksiene D, Tamosiunas A, Supiyev A, Kossumov A, Zhumadilova A, Pitha J,

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Physiological research 66(Supplementum 1) S121-S128
Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of mortality and morbidity in most populations. As the traditional modifiable risk factors (smoking, hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, and obesity) were defined decades ago, we decided to analyze recent data in patients who survived acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The Czech part of the study included data from 999 males, and compared them with the post-MONICA study (1,259 males, representing general population). The Lithuanian study included 479 male patients and 456 age-matched controls. The Kazakhstan part included 232 patients and 413 controls. In two countries, the most robust ACS risk factor was smoking (OR 3.85 in the Czech study and 5.76 in the Lithuanian study), followed by diabetes (OR 2.26 and 2.07) and hypertension (moderate risk elevation with OR 1.43 and 1.49). These factors did not influence the ACS risk in Kazakhstan. BMI had no significant effect on ACS and plasma cholesterol was surprisingly significantly lower (P<0.001) in patients than in controls in all countries (4.80+/-1.11 vs. 5.76+/-1.06 mmol/l in Czechs; 5.32+/-1.32 vs. 5.71+/-1.08 mmol/l in Lithuanians; 4.88+/-1.05 vs. 5.38+/-1.13 mmol/l in Kazakhs/Russians). Results from our study indicate substantial heterogeneity regarding major CVD risk factors in different populations with the exception of plasma total cholesterol which was inversely associated with ACS risk in all involved groups. These data reflect ethnical and geographical differences as well as changing pattern of cardiovascular risk profiles.

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