Tranexamic acid (TXA) is an antifibrinolytic agent, which has shown an effect on reducing blood loss in many diseases. Many studies focus on the effect of TXA on cerebral hemorrhage, however, whether TXA can inhibit hematoma expansion is still controversial. Our meta-analysis performed a quantitative analysis to evaluate the efficacy of TXA for the hematoma expansion in spontaneous and traumatic intracranial hematoma.
Pubmed (MEDLINE), Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched from January 2001 to May 2020 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs).
We pooled 3102 patients from 7 RCTs to evaluate the efficacy of TXA for hematoma expansion. Hematoma expansion (HE) rate and hematoma volume (HV) change from baseline were used to analyze. We found that TXA led to a significant reduction in HE rate (P = 0.002) and HV change (P = 0.03) compared with the placebo. Patients with moderate or serious hypertension benefit more from TXA. (HE rate: P = 0.02, HV change: P = 0.04) TXA tends to have a better efficacy on HV change in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). (P = 0.06) CONCLUSIONS: TXA showed good efficacy for hematoma expansion in spontaneous and traumatic intracranial hemorrhage. Patients with moderate/severe hypertension and ICH may be more suitable for TXA administration in inhibiting hematoma expansion .
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.