The Journal of heart and lung transplantation : the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation 2016 06 2436(2) 193-201 pii S1053-2498(16)30197-8
Parenteral prostanoids are effective treatment for pulmonary arterial hypertension, but long-term pump infusion systems have significant delivery-related safety and convenience limitations.
Subjects with a favorable risk profile transitioned from parenteral to oral treprostinil using a protocol-driven titration during 5 days of inpatient observation. Baseline and Week 24 assessments included 6-minute walk distance, echocardiogram, right heart catheterization, pharmacokinetics, treatment satisfaction and quality of life. Thirty-three subjects (76% female, mean age 50 years) enrolled; 85% were using subcutaneous treprostinil with a median dose of 57 (range 25 to 111) ng/kg/min. Participants were using background, approved non-prostanoid therapy, including 9 on 2 oral therapies; baseline right atrial pressure and cardiac output were in the normal range. All 33 subjects transitioned to oral treprostinil therapy within 4 weeks, but 2 transitioned back to parenteral drug before Week 24. At Week 24, subjects were taking a median total daily dose of 44 (15 to 75) mg, with 25 of 31 using a 3-times-daily regimen at 7- to 9-hour intervals.
The 6-minute walk distance was preserved (median +17 m [-98 to 95 m]) at its baseline of 446 m. Hemodynamic variables, including pulmonary vascular resistance, were similar at Week 24 except for mixed venous saturation, which dropped from a median of 71% to 68% (p < 0.001). Overall quality of life and treatment satisfaction measures did not change; however, mood-related symptom and treatment convenience subscores improved. Common adverse effects included headache, nausea, flushing and diarrhea. CONCLUSIONS
Lower risk patients managed on parenteral treprostinil may be candidates for transition to a more convenient, oral form of the drug.