Researchers in Denmark have found that the risk of first-time hospitalization for pneumonia appears to be high among renal transplant candidates and recipients. When compared with controls, incidence rate ratios of first hospitalization for pneumonia were 10.2 for renal transplant candidates, 8.02 for recipients, and 13.7 for patients with graft loss. Risk factors among renal transplant recipients included male gender, age older than 50, diabetes, chronic interstitial nephritis, polycystic kidney disease, and 1 to 3 years of prior dialysis.

Abstract: Clinical Infectious Diseases, September 1, 2012.