The objective of this study was to compare surgical and short-term postoperative outcomes of transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (vNOTES) versus conventional vaginal (CV) uterosacral ligament suspension (USLS) surgery.
A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 135 patients who underwent hysterectomy with USLS via CV (n = 70) or via vNOTES (n = 65). Patients’ baseline characteristics, surgical characteristics, and surgical outcomes were retrieved. The primary outcome was total operative time. Secondary outcomes include intra- and post-operative complications.
Salpingectomy was performed in all vNOTES procedures and in only 27 % of conventional vaginal procedures (p < 0.005). Compared to the conventional vaginal procedures (n = 65), the vNOTES (n = 70) showed lower mean operative time and mean anesthesia time (101.4 ± 22.3 vs 125.5 ± 27.6 min and 141.4 ± 29.6 vs. 174.0 ± 32.9 min, respectively); and slightly longer median hospital stay (3 [range 2-4] vs. 2 [range 2-4] days, p < 0.05). Compared to women who underwent conventional vaginal hysterectomy with USLS, women who underwent vNOTES hysterectomy with USLS had lower incidences of intraoperative complications (6% vs. 18 %, p < 0.05) and intraoperative ureteral obstruction (0% vs. 8%, p < 0.05); and less estimated blood loss (58 ± 68 ml vs. 143 ± 87 ml, p < 0.05).
vNOTES hysterectomy with USLS is associated with reduced incidence of intraoperative complications, shorter surgical and anesthesia time, and slightly longer hospital stay, compared to the traditional vaginal surgical approach. Post-operative complications during hospital stay were similar and infrequent following the two procedures.

Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier B.V.