AIDS and behavior 2018 03 29() doi 10.1007/s10461-018-2094-5
Using geospatial analysis, we examined the relationship of distance between a patient’s residence and clinic, travel time to clinic, and neighborhood violent crime rates with retention in care or viral suppression among people living with HIV (PLWH). For HIV-positive patients at a large urban clinic, we measured distance and travel time between home and clinic and violent crime rate within a two block radius of the travel route. Kruskal-Wallis rank sum was used to compare outcomes between groups. Over the observation period, 2008-2016, 219/602 (36%) patients were retained in care. Median distance from clinic was 3.6 (IQR 2.1-5.6) miles versus 3.9 (IQR 2.7-6.1) miles among those retained versus not retained in care, p = 0.06. Median travel time by car was 15.9 (IQR 9.6-22.9) versus 17.1 (IQR 12.0-24.6) minutes for those retained versus not retained, p = 0.04. Violent crime rate along travel route was not associated with retention. There was no significant association between travel time or distance and viral suppression.