To systematically summarize the clinical characteristics of children with neuroblastoma and evaluate their prognosis with multidisciplinary care provided in a single center.
This retrospective study analyzed the clinical data of 1041 patients with neuroblastoma who were diagnosed, treated, and followed-up in the Hematology-Oncology Center of Beijing Children’s Hospital from 2007 to 2019.
The median age at diagnosis was 34 months; 80.8% of the patients were younger than 5 years of age. Notably, 243 patients (23.3%) were classified as low-risk, 249 patients (23.9%) were classified as intermediate-risk, and 549 (52.7%) were classified as high-risk. Furthermore, 956 patients underwent surgical resections; 986 (94.7%) patients received chemotherapy; and 176 patients with high-risk neuroblastoma received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The 5-year event-free survival (EFS) rate was 91.3% and 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was 97.5% in low-risk group; in the intermediate-risk group, these rates were 85.1% and 96.7%, respectively, while they were 37.7% and 48.9% in the high-risk group ( 0.001 for both). The 5-year EFS and OS rates were significantly higher in patients diagnosed between 2015 and 2019 than in patients diagnosed between 2007 and 2014 ( 0.001). In total, 278 patients (26.7%) exhibited tumor relapse or progression; the median interval until relapse or progression was 14 months. Of the 233 patients who died, 83% died of relapse or progression of neuroblastoma and 4.3% died of therapy-related complications.
The 5-year OS rate was low in high-risk patients, compared with low-and intermediate-risk patients. Multidisciplinary care is critical for improvement of survival in pediatric patients with neuroblastoma. Additional treatment strategies should be sought to improve the prognosis of patients with high-risk neuroblastoma.
© 2020 The Authors. Pediatric Investigation published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd on behalf of Futang Research Center of Pediatric Development.