Treatments for Peyronie’s disease (PD) include surgical management and collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH).
To evaluate PD treatment trends after CCH approval and compare clinical outcomes in CCH- and surgery-treated cohorts.
Patients newly diagnosed with PD between January 2011 and December 2017 were identified in a U.S. claims database. Cohorts initiating treatment with CCH or surgery between January 2014 and June 2017 were included. Patients were continuously enrolled ≥6 months before and ≥12 months after index date. Post-treatment penile complications and analgesic use were compared 1 year after procedure in propensity score-matched cohorts.
The main outcome measures of this study were treatment patterns, penile complications, and analgesic use.
In the newly diagnosed PD cohort, 1,609 patients received CCH and 1,555 patients had surgery. Overall CCH or surgery treatment rate/year increased from 9.8% in 2014 to 15.5% in 2017, with <1% receiving verapamil or interferon. Initial treatment ratios of CCH to surgery increased from approximately 1:1 (2014) to 2:1 (2017). In the unmatched CCH (n = 1,227) and surgery (n = 620) cohorts, more (P < .05) surgery-treated patients received analgesics (particularly opioids), oral PD therapies, vacuum erection devices, and phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors before the index date. After propensity score matching (n = 620/cohort), newly occurring postprocedural complications during the follow-up period were higher in the surgery cohort (25.3% vs 18.4%, P = .003). The surgery cohort had significantly (P < .05) higher rates of erectile dysfunction (65.0% vs 44.8%), penile pain (17.9% vs 8.9%), and penile swelling (8.1% vs 5.2%) and was more likely to be prescribed opioids (93.3% vs 38.9%; P < .0001) or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (27.0% vs 20.3%; P = .006).
CCH demonstrated fewer complications and less analgesic use than surgery and was used as the initial therapy for PD twice as often as surgery. L Trost, H Huang, X Han, et al. Treatment Patterns and Healthcare Outcomes with Collagenase Clostridium Histolyticum vs Surgery in Peyronie’s Disease: A Retrospective Claims Database Analysis. Sex Med 2021;XX:XXX-XXX.