Mucopolysaccharidosis is a rare and congenital autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder of glycosaminoglycans. An enzyme defect leads to cell, tissue and organ dysfunction. Carpal tunnel syndrome and trigger finger are the results of mucopolysaccharid deposition. We are treating 6 patients with mucopolysaccharide associated trigger fingers in an interdisciplinary setting with the department of pediatric hematology and oncology at Hannover Medical School, where each patient is examined inter alia for symptoms of trigger finger annually. Besides an interview of the parents about abnormalities with regard to hand function, pain and/or neurologic symptoms the children are examined by palpation and by assessment of the active and passive range of finger motion. In the case of finger locking due to an impaired excursion of the flexor tendons in the A2 and A3 pulley region, we performed a trap-door incision technique for A2 pulley widening and a simple release of the A3 pulley. In 6 patients 43 fingers were affected. The average age was 10 years. Pulley thickening was palpated in 19 fingers of to the left hand and 24 fingers of the right hand. In 7 fingers the A1 pulley was affected, in 28 fingers the A2 pulley and in 25 fingers the A3 pulley. The A4 and A5 pulley were not affected in any case. Trigger symptoms were seen in 13 fingers. Five of the 6 children were given an operation indication. In these cases we performed carpal tunnel release, release of Loge de Guyon, and trigger finger release, either in combination or alone. In all cases the procedure led to pain relief and functional improvement. The treatment of trigger fingers in children with mucopolysaccharidosis as a rare disease is challenging with regard to diagnostics and indication. The main treatment goal is pain relief and improvement of hand function.
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