Tripartite motif 25 (TRIM25) is a TRIM family member which is involved in innate immunity. However, its role in the modulation of host defense against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) infection has not been investigated. Therefore, this study aimed to demonstrate the significance of TRIM25 in the regulation of macrophage responses to M.tb infection. TRIM25 was found to be significantly overexpressed (3.476-fold) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of 67 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis compared with 48 healthy controls. TRIM25 expression was enhanced following M.tb infection of RAW264.7 cells, a macrophage cell line. Overexpression of TRIM25 in M.tb-infected RAW264.7 cells led to a significant increase in phosphorylated p38 levels; however, the production of IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α were significantly reduced. Finally, M.tb intracellular survival increased by 90% at 12 h post-infection (PI) (p < 0.01). To validate the previous results, TRIM25 levels in M.tb-infected RAW264.7 macrophages were down-regulated using small interfering RNA (siRNA). Therefore, it was concluded that TRIM25 promotes intracellular survival of M.tb in RAW264.7 cells, likely by enhancing p38 pathways and thereby inhibiting the production of proinflammatory cytokines. These results contribute to the further understanding of the host defense against M.tb infection.Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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