Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), recognized as a common chronic autoimmune disease, is characterized by the excessive proliferation and inflammatory infiltration of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). In this study, our purpose is to elucidate the mechanisms of triptolide (TPL) in the treatment of RA by regulating the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) ENST00000619282, which promoted apoptosis and reduced inflammatory infiltration of FLS in RA (RA-FLS). RA-FLS was treated with different concentrations of TPL at different time points. CCK-8 assay, ELISA, RT-qPCR, immunofluorescence, TUNEL assay, and the transmission electron microscopy were used to measure the changes of cell viability, apoptosis, and the release of inflammatory cytokines. Next, the involvement of ENST00000619282 in TPL-mediated protection against RA was explored. ENST00000619282 expression was significantly increased in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of RA patients. ENST0000061928 expression in RA PBMCs was positively associated with ESR, RF, CCP, and DAS28, while TPL treatment led to a downregulation of ENST00000619282. In addition, ENST00000619282 was significantly increased in RA-FLS. Furthermore, overexpression of ENST00000619282 elevated the levels of pro-apoptotic and pro-inflammatory factors, while reduced the levels of anti-apoptotic proteins and antiinflammatory factors. Besides, TPL treatment could reverse these effects by ENST00000619282 overexpression. The anti-RA potential of TPL might be achieved by downregulating ENST00000619282, thereby promoting apoptosis, and reducing the inflammatory response in RA.
© 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.