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Tuberculosis associated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Tuberculosis associated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Author Information (click to view)

Sarkar M, Gowda S, Madabhavi I, Dogra K,


Sarkar M, Gowda S, Madabhavi I, Dogra K, (click to view)

Sarkar M, Gowda S, Madabhavi I, Dogra K,

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The clinical respiratory journal 2017 03 07() doi 10.1111/crj.12621
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
Reviewed the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, mechanisms and treatment of tuberculosis associated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

DATA SOURCE
We searched PubMed, EMBASE and the CINAHL from inception to June 2016. We used the following search terms: Tuberculosis, COPD, Tuberculosis associated COPD etc. All types of study were chosen.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSION
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and tuberculosis are significant public health problems, particularly in developing countries. Although, smoking is the conventional risk factor for COPD, non-smoking related risk factors such as biomass fuel exposure, childhood lower-respiratory tract infections, chronic asthma, outdoor air pollution, and prior history of pulmonary tuberculosis have become important risk factors of COPD, particularly in developing countries. Past history of tuberculosis as a risk factor of chronic airflow obstruction has been reported in several studies. It may develop during the course of tuberculosis or after completion of tuberculosis treatment. Developing countries with large burden of tuberculosis can contribute significantly to the burden of chronic airflow obstruction. Prompt diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis should be emphasized in order to lessen the future burden of chronic airflow obstruction. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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