Bulletin de la Societe de pathologie exotique (1990) 2017 10 11110(4) 238-241 doi 10.1007/s13149-017-0576-8
Our study aimed to describe the epidemiological, clinical and histological aspects of mammary tuberculosis in Togo. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study of breast tuberculosis for which the diagnosis was presumed on histological grounds in the pathology department (LAP) of the Lomé Tokoin university hospital from January 1995 to December 2016 (20 years). A total of 28 presumed cases of mammary tuberculosis were identified. There were 26 women and 2 men, with an average age of 34.2 ± 0.3 years. The clinical signs were nodule (84.1%), tumefaction (75%), abscess (63.6%) and tumefaction with cutaneous fistulization (59.1%). Breast involvement was isolated in 31.8% of cases and associated with pleuropulmonary tuberculosis in 54.5% of cases. Co-infection with HIV was found in 63.9 % of cases. Histology showed inflammatory granulomas made of Langhans giant cells, epithelioid cells and lymphocytes around the foci of caseous necrosis. Thoracic radiography was abnormal in 16 patients (57.1%).Mammary tuberculosis is not rare in our country. Clinical presentation is often misleading and is a diagnostic challenge, more particularly with breast abscess or cancer.