A 69-year-old man was admitted to the hospital with right hemiparesis and global aphasia. Perfusion computed tomography imaging revealed ischemic penumbra in the middle cerebral artery territory. Angiography showed left middle cerebral artery occlusion. Mechanical thrombectomy with one pass was performed, and successful recanalization was obtained. Embolic material was retrieved; it contained tumor fragments with atypical keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma. Contrast computed tomography imaging indicated tumor invasion into the superior vena cava, and contrast transcranial Doppler indicated the presence of a right-to-left shunt after the Valsalva maneuver. We diagnosed the patient with acute ischemic stroke of large vessel occlusion due to venous invasion of esophageal carcinoma via a right-to-left shunt. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of embolic occlusion resulting from an extracardiac tumor via a right-to-left shunt. Contrast transcranial Doppler potentially detects right-to-left shunts in patients who cannot undergo transesophageal echocardiography.
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