Advertisement

 

 

Tunable and Lightweight On-Chip Event Detection for Implantable Bladder Pressure Monitoring Devices.

Tunable and Lightweight On-Chip Event Detection for Implantable Bladder Pressure Monitoring Devices.
Author Information (click to view)

Karam R, Majerus SJA, Bourbeau DJ, Damaser MS, Bhunia S,


Karam R, Majerus SJA, Bourbeau DJ, Damaser MS, Bhunia S, (click to view)

Karam R, Majerus SJA, Bourbeau DJ, Damaser MS, Bhunia S,

Advertisement
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedIn

IEEE transactions on biomedical circuits and systems 2017 10 11() doi 10.1109/TBCAS.2017.2748981
Abstract

Lower urinary tract dysfunctions, such as urinary incontinence and overactive bladder, are conditions that greatly affect the quality of life for millions of individuals worldwide. For those with more complex pathophysiologies, diagnosis of these conditions often requires a urodynamics study, providing physicians with a snapshot view of bladder mechanics. Recent advancements in implantable bladder pressure monitors and advanced data analysis techniques have made diagnosis through chronic monitoring a promising prospect. However, implants targeted at treatment must remain in the bladder for long periods of time, making minimizing power consumption a primary design objective. Currently, much of the typical implant’s power draw is due to data transmission. Previous work has demonstrated an adaptive rate transmission technique to reduce power consumption. However, the ultimate reduction in power consumption can only be attained when the device does not transmit bladder pressure samples, but rather bladder events. In this paper, we present an algorithm and circuit level implementation for on-chip bladder pressure data compression and event detection. It is designed to be a complete, tunable, and lightweight diagnosis and treatment framework for bladder pressure monitoring implants, capable of selectively transmitting compressed bladder pressure data with tunable quality, "snapshots" of significant bladder events, or simply indicate events occurred for the highest energy efficiency. The design aims to minimize area through resource reuse, leading to a total area of 1.75 , and employs advanced VLSI techniques for power reduction. With compression and event detection enabled, the design consumes roughly 2.6 nW in TSMC technology. With only event detection, this reduces to 2.1 nW, making this approach ideal for long-life implantable bladder pressure monitoring devices.

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

4 × 4 =

[ HIDE/SHOW ]