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TWEAK/Fn14 interaction induces proliferation and migration in human airway smooth muscle cells via activating the NF-κB pathway.

TWEAK/Fn14 interaction induces proliferation and migration in human airway smooth muscle cells via activating the NF-κB pathway.
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Zhu C, Zhang L, Liu Z, Li C, Bai Y,


Zhu C, Zhang L, Liu Z, Li C, Bai Y, (click to view)

Zhu C, Zhang L, Liu Z, Li C, Bai Y,

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Journal of cellular biochemistry 2017 11 16() doi 10.1002/jcb.26525
Abstract

Asthma, an increasingly common chronic disease among children, are characterized by airway remodeling, which is partly attributed to the proliferation and migration of airway smooth muscle cell (ASMC). The purpose of the present study was to investigate potential roles and mechanisms of the tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK)/fibroblast growth factor-inducible molecule 14 (Fn14) axis on cell proliferation and migration in HASMCs. Compared to HASMCs from non-asthmatic patients, those from asthmatic patients showed elevated expression levels of both Fn14 and TWEAK. Additionally, similar to the response triggered by platelet-derived growth factor-BB, stimulation with recombinant TWEAK strongly induced cell proliferation and migration in HASMCs. However, depletion of Fn14 remarkably abrogated the enhancement of TWEAK on the cell proliferation and migration of HASMCs. Furthermore, treatment with TWEAK led to the activation of NF-κB. This effect was eliminated by silencing Fn14, indicating that TWEAK-induced NF-κB signaling was mediated via Fn14. Moreover, the TWEAK/Fn14 interaction promoted cell proliferation and migration. These effects were blocked by NF-κB inhibitor SN50, which suggest that the TWEAK/Fn14 signaling system partially depends on NF-κB activity. Collectively, we demonstrated that the TWEAK/Fn14 axis accelerated HASMC cell proliferation and migration by activating the NF-κB pathway, thereby exacerbating airway remodeling in asthma. Altogether, these findings indicate a novel role for the TWEAK/Fn14/NF- B pathway as a potent option for limiting airway remodeling in asthma. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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