A 40-year-old woman (case 1) visited the hospital complaining of diarrhea and was diagnosed with ulcerative colitis (UC). She was administered 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), but developed intolerance. Prednisolone (PSL) was administered, and her symptoms improved. However, alopecia areata developed as the PSL was tapered, and her UC relapsed. Adalimumab, Infliximab (IFX), and golimumab were used, but all showed insufficient efficacy. Therefore, we started tofacitinib (TOF). Her bloody stools and diarrhea improved 3 days after TOF administration, and clinical remission occurred on day 14. Her alopecia areata improved 14 days after starting TOF and improved completely during TOF maintenance therapy. A 19-year-old man (case 2) had developed alopecia areata at 10 years old and was diagnosed with UC at 17 years old. He achieved sustained remission with IFX, but then stopped IFX to receive a live vaccination. His UC relapsed 4 months later, immediately after the live vaccine was administered. Vedolizumab was administered, but was ineffective, as was re-administration of IFX. TOF was administered, and his clinical symptoms improved 7 days later. He achieved clinical remission on day 20. In addition, his hair began to regrow 14 days after starting TOF.
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