Safe and cost-effective biological surrogate markers to evaluate the severity and threshold dose of peanut allergy (PA) reactions during an oral food challenge (OFC) are lacking.
To evaluate biological markers associated with the severity and threshold dose of allergic reaction during OFC in a population of children with PA.
Demographic and biologic parameters of children with peanut OFC and BAT results were collected. Patients were stratified into two severity groups (mild-to-moderate and severe) and two cumulative threshold dose groups: low (LCTG) ≤100mg crushed peanut; and high (HCTG) >100mg.
Among the 68 children included there was a 96% concordance between the OFC and BAT result for the diagnosis of PA. Of the 56 children with a positive OFC and BAT to peanut (median age: 8.8 years), severity of allergic reaction and cumulative threshold dose were not correlated (p=0.24). Higher Ara h 2-specific IgE and FcεRI-positive control values were both associated with severe reactions to peanut. Combining these two markers led to a 92% sensitivity [84%-97%] and 82% specificity [71%-89%] for severe reactions in all subjects. For children in the LCTG, a 4-variable composite marker including age, normalized basophil sensitivity (EC), and FcεRI- and fMLP-positive control values, resulted in 97% sensitivity [89%-99%] and 61% specificity [49%-71%] CONCLUSION: Distinct composite markers including BAT allergen-specific and non-allergen-specific parameters appear to be associated with severity and cumulative threshold dose in children with PA.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.