In this study, the effect of enzymatic cross-linking of shrimp tropomyosin (TM) with tyrosinase and caffeic acid (TM-Tyr/CA) on the allergic response were assessed using in vitro and in vivo models. The RBL-2H3 and KU812 cell lines were employed to evaluate the changes in the stimulation abilities of TM-Tyr/CA that showed significant inhibition of mediators and cytokines. The digestibility of cross-linked TM was improved and the recognitions of IgG/IgE were markedly reduced, as revealed by western blotting. TM-Tyr/CA decreased anaphylactic symptoms, and hindered the levels of IgG1, IgE, histamine, tryptase and mouse mast-cell protease-1 (mMCP-1) in mice sera. Cross-linked TM downregulated the production of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and IL-13 by 51.36, 12.24 and 20.55%, respectively, whereas, IL-10 and IFN-γ were upregulated by 20.71 and 19.0%. TM-Tyr/CA showed reduced allergenicity and may have preventive effect in relieving TM induced allergic response via immunosuppression and positive modulation of T-helper (Th)1/Th2 immunobalance.Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
About The Author
Ishfaq Ahmed,Hong Lin,Zhenxing Li,Lili Xu,Ihsan Mabood Qazi,Chen Luo,Xiang Gao,Mati Ullah Khan,Amjad Iqbal,Yuman Guo,Tushar Ramesh Pavase,Lirui Sun
Ihsan Mabood Qazi
Mati Ullah Khan
Tushar Ramesh Pavase