In this study, the effect of enzymatic cross-linking of shrimp tropomyosin (TM) with tyrosinase and caffeic acid (TM-Tyr/CA) on the allergic response were assessed using in vitro and in vivo models. The RBL-2H3 and KU812 cell lines were employed to evaluate the changes in the stimulation abilities of TM-Tyr/CA that showed significant inhibition of mediators and cytokines. The digestibility of cross-linked TM was improved and the recognitions of IgG/IgE were markedly reduced, as revealed by western blotting. TM-Tyr/CA decreased anaphylactic symptoms, and hindered the levels of IgG1, IgE, histamine, tryptase and mouse mast-cell protease-1 (mMCP-1) in mice sera. Cross-linked TM downregulated the production of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and IL-13 by 51.36, 12.24 and 20.55%, respectively, whereas, IL-10 and IFN-γ were upregulated by 20.71 and 19.0%. TM-Tyr/CA showed reduced allergenicity and may have preventive effect in relieving TM induced allergic response via immunosuppression and positive modulation of T-helper (Th)1/Th2 immunobalance.
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